History And Culture Of Bulgaria – www.historyoclock.com

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Bulgaria (Bulgarian: България), officially the Republic of Bulgaria, a unitary state on the Balkan Peninsula in southeastern Europe bordering the Black Sea in east. The country shares international borders with Greece, the Republic of Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, and Turkey.

The country occupies an area of 110,879 km², compared it is somewhat larger than Iceland (103,000 km²), or slightly larger than the U.S. state of Tennessee.

Bulgaria has a population of 7.15 million people (2015), capital and largest city is Sofia with 1.3 million inhabitants. Official language is Bulgarian, which is written in Cyrillic.

Republic of Bulgaria | Republika Bulgariya | Република България

Background:
Bulgaria earned its independence from the Ottoman Empire in 1878, but having fought on the losing side in both World Wars, it fell within the Soviet sphere of influence and became a People’s Republic in 1946.

Communist domination ended in 1990, when Bulgaria held its first multi-party election since World War II and began the contentious process of moving toward political democracy and a market economy while combating inflation, unemployment, corruption, and crime.

Bulgaria became a NATO member state in 2004 and joined the EU on 1 January 2007.

Other countries in Southeast Europe: Albania, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia

Official Sites of Bulgaria

Republic of Bulgaria
The Government of the Republic of Bulgaria.

President of Bulgaria
Official website of the President of Bulgaria.

National Assembly of Republic of Bulgaria
Bulgaria’s Parliament.

Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Bulgaria
Official website of the ministry.

Diplomatic Missions
Bulgarian Embassies
Diplomatic Missions of Bulgaria Abroad.
Embassy of Bulgaria to the US
Washington D.C.
Bulgarian Embassy in London
The Bulgarian Embassy in London, UK.

Statistics
National Statistical Institute
Sofia

Weather
National Institute of Meteorology and Hydrology (NIMH)

Maps

Map of Bulgaria
Political Map of Bulgaria.

Google Earth Bulgaria
Searchable map/satellite view of Bulgaria.

Google Earth Sofia
Searchable map/satellite view of Sofia.

Map of Europe
Political Map of Europe.

Cathedral of the Assumption, Varna

Cathedral of the Assumption in Varna, the largest city and a seaside resort on the Bulgarian Black Sea Coast.

Arts & Culture

Kultura (Култура)
Weekly art, culture and journalism magazine (in Bulgarian).

Sofia MENAR Film Festival
Sofia Middle East & North Africa Region Film Festival.

Transportation
Airlines

Bulgaria Air
The national airline carrier of Bulgaria, based in Sofia.

Bulgaria International Airports
Sofia Airport
Site provides airport and flight information for departures and arrivals.
Bourgas Airport
Charter hub.
Varna Airport
The gateway to the Black Sea coast.

Rail
Bulgarian State Railways
Official website of Bulgarian State Railways – BDZ.

Ports
Port of Varna
Official website of Varna’s port.

Destination Bulgaria – Travel and Tour Guides

Discover Bulgaria: Black Sea, Danube, Golden Sands, Nessebar, Pirin, Sunny Beach, Strandja,
Links to accommodation, hotels, attractions, festivals, events, tourist boards, biking, hiking, climbing, cruising, diving, tours and much more.

BulgariaTravel.org
The Official Tourism site for Destination Bulgaria.

Discover Strandja
Discover the area of Strandja Mountain and National park.

Travel Bulgaria
A travel guide to Bulgaria.

Wonderland Bulgaria
Bulgaria – with its history, geography, population, and folklore.

Resorts
Golden Sands
Goldstrand, a Black Sea resort close to Varna.
Sunny Beach
The biggest Black Sea resort, Burgas, Bulgaria.

Cities:
Sofia
The Municipality of Sofia Capital City of Bulgaria. 
Bourgas
Bourgas the city at Black Sea.
Plovdivguide
Tourism guide to the city of Plovdiv.
Varna
Official website of the the biggest city on the Bulgarian Black Sea Coast (in Bulgarian).

Environment & Nature

Ministry of Environment and Water of Bulgaria
To preserve the natural heritage of Bulgaria and to ensure a healthy environment for the population.

Balkani Wildlife Society
Society for the conservation and restoration of flora and fauna in natural ecosystems.

BlueLink Information Network
Civil environmental gateway to Bulgaria.

NGObg.info
The Information Portal of Nongovernmental Organizations (NGOs) in Bulgaria.

Evromegdan
Bulgarian environmental web-portal on climate change and its impact on the environment.

Za Zemiata (“For the Earth”)
One of the oldest Bulgarian environmental NGO’s, determined to work for self-sustainable lifestyles and combating exploitation of people and nature (in Bulgarian).

History

History and Culture
Comprehensive information about Bulgaria’s rich history.

History of Bulgaria
Comprehensive information about Bulgaria’s rich history. An extract from the book “Bulgaria Illustrated History” by Dr. Bojidar Dimitrov (1995)

National Museum of History
The Bulgarian history.

History of Bulgaria
Wikipedia articles about Bulgaria’s history.

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